Scientific research paper sections

Research paper structure

Note also that you should use italics for variables. Use strong verbs instead of "to be" Instead of: The enzyme was found to be the active agent in catalyzing Instead of: The rats were injected with the drug. With the scope of the research restricted to a manageable focus, the study can be represented by the neck of the hourglass. Abstracts are often included in article databases, and are usually free to a large audience. They should be specific and content-focused rather than just labels. The readers of a scientific paper read the abstract for two purposes: to decide whether they want to acquire and read the full paper, and to prepare themselves for the details presented in that paper. The introduction The introduction reproduced here exhibits the four components that readers find useful as they begin to read a paper. Most journals have now the possibility to download small files with the format of the references, allowing you to change it automatically. We all know that you are keen to present your new data.

Make it interesting and easily understood without reading the whole article. Present proper control experiments and statistics used, again to make the experiment of investigation repeatable.

In some journals, it's a separate section; in others, it's the last paragraph of the Discussion section.

sections of a research paper

Report new developments in the field, and state how your research fills gaps in the existing research. This isn't a diary. Those communities act as ecological indicators of the 'health' of the system, indicating clearly the gradient associated with the disturbance.

scientific paper example pdf

Moreover, you can suggest future experiments and point out those that are underway. It is not easy to include all this information in just a few words. Mention these things early in your paragraph, ideally in the first sentence.

This section offers information on the range of other studies cited: Does the author cite only his or her previous studies?

Scientific paper example

The list below provides examples of verbs that express communication actions: clarify This paper clarifies the role of soils in. Context and need At the beginning of the Introduction section, the context and need work together as a funnel: They start broad and progressively narrow down to the issue addressed in the paper. The author guidelines for the journal Nature recommend that the following be included for statistical testing: the name of each statistical analysis, along with its n value; an explanation of why the test was used and what is being compared; and the specific alpha levels and P values for each test. Do NOT discuss the results or speculate as to why something happened; t hat goes in th e Discussion. With the right paper format, your chances of publication increase, and your research will be more likely to make an impact in your field. Use them sparingly. Do not be afraid to write a short Conclusion section: If you can conclude in just a few sentences given the rich discussion in the body of the paper, then do so. Present your general conclusions, including an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the research and the implications of your findings. Compare these pairs of headings: Uninformative: Survey results Informative: Results of peak hour turning movement survey Make all headings consistent and parallel in structure This means that headings should follow a similar grammatical form.

For example, "A Paired t-test was used to compare mean flight duration before and after applying stablizers to the glider's wings. To this end, avoid referring to figures or the bibliography in the abstract.

scientific research paper template

Do not interpret the data here. One last tip: Before you submit your research, consider using our academic editing service for expert help with paper formatting, editing, and proofreading. Sometimes you cannot clarify your idea in words because some critical items have not been studied substantially.

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Sections of a Paper: Structure of a Scientific Paper