The united states governments disinformation campaigns against the minority groups

Disinformation tactics

European countries, especially the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, have confronted Russian disinformation campaigns for decades. These techniques push independent voices out of public spaces and are sometimes considered a new form of political censorship. These sites could end up in the hands of people who want to dissuade some portions of the population from responding to the survey. In August, Facebook also removed fake accounts , pages and groups originating in Russia and Iran that were trying to spread misinformation. Rychlak authored a book titled Disinformation , in which Pacepa wrote that Stalin gave the tactic a French-sounding title in order to put forth the ruse that it was actually a technique used by the Western world. The work appeared to be coordinated. Aiming to avoid detection, many disinformation campaigns now avail themselves of accounts that are partially automated, partially controlled by human users; these are often referred to as cyborg or sock puppet accounts. On a single day in October , the Atlantic Council said, inauthentic pages seeking to spread Sputnik content were created to focus on Armenia, Chechnya, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. But on a platform of two billion users, disinformation campaigns are hard to detect, and Facebook remains a gathering ground for groups eager to spread disinformation to the widest audience possible. Foreign-sourced Disinformation in Electoral Contexts While disinformation frequently originates from domestic sources, some authoritarian governments increasingly use disinformation to influence elections beyond their borders. The company said on Thursday it had deleted nearly pages and accounts that had posted the misleading messages.

The actors involved are often subnational political figures or organizations, although state organs are sometimes complicit. In August, Facebook also removed fake accountspages and groups originating in Russia and Iran that were trying to spread misinformation.

How does the spread of disinformation affect government & civil society?

Many of the pages were discovered to be linked to employees of Sputnik, an agency controlled by the Russian government that was established to spread reports and information sympathetic to Russia. Census Bureau officials have held multiple meetings with tech companies since to discuss ways they could help, including as recently as last week, Jarmin said. As with many of the applications of disinformation described above, it remains a mistake to believe this approach is only or even primarily adopted by state actors; subnational political actors , business interests , and other parties also draw from these practices. Sometimes, disinformation may flow the other way as it migrates from foreign sources to mainstream domestic news outlets. Gleicher said of the shutdowns. These techniques—not unique to Kenya—proved dangerous at an exceptionally contentious political moment in a country where the previous elections led to bloodshed. These experts focus on sharing threat information, preparing society for responding to cyber incidents and participating in international cyber defense activities.

Soviet leaders devalued Baltic currencies and manipulated economic data to falsely suggest that Soviet occupation was boosting the Baltic economies. In phase three, manipulation, the psychopath will create a scenario of " psychopathic fiction "—where positive information about themselves and negative disinformation about others will be created, casting others in roles as a part of a network of pawns or patrons to be utilized and groomed into accepting the psychopath's agenda.

The united states governments disinformation campaigns against the minority groups

The author thanks Christina Apelseth for her research assistance. For example, Estonia created the Cyber Defense League, an army of volunteer specialists in information technology. In each of these cases, Moscow used a combination of state-owned international news outlets , smaller news sites linked to Moscow, and automated social media accounts, sometimes in tandem with leaks of stolen documents and communications. Used proactively, disinformation provides much greater potential to move audiences to action, shape or confuse public understanding, and influence political events. But Estonia was prepared. Soviet leaders devalued Baltic currencies and manipulated economic data to falsely suggest that Soviet occupation was boosting the Baltic economies. These factors, combined with the speed at which information spreads online, create ideal conditions for disinformation campaigns. Sometimes, disinformation may flow the other way as it migrates from foreign sources to mainstream domestic news outlets. Digital disinformation often promotes xenophobic sentiment, and hate speech is common.

The Soviets rewrote history books to falsely emphasize Russian protection of the Baltic people from invading hordes in the Middle Ages, and to convey the impression that the cultural evolution of the three countries was enabled by their allegiance and close ties to Russia.

But backed by the new government motivation to strike back when provokedthe methods used in the Baltic states and across Europe could provide a powerful new deterrent against Russian influence in the West.

Disinformation propaganda examples

Rychlak authored a book titled Disinformation , in which Pacepa wrote that Stalin gave the tactic a French-sounding title in order to put forth the ruse that it was actually a technique used by the Western world. The Kenyan elections offer a valuable case study in the widespread use of domestically sourced disinformation in an electoral context. Nimmo said. In anticipation, the government spearheaded partnerships with banks, internet service providers and other organizations to coordinate responses to cyberattacks. These advances made the Baltics a prime target for cyberattacks. A similar approach may work in the US, though it would require far more collaboration than has existed so far. Digital disinformation often promotes xenophobic sentiment, and hate speech is common. Read the original article.

Political actors have used disinformation for their benefit for millennia. Disinformation is at its most dangerous when amplifying existing political beliefs and divisions as opposed to introducing new beliefs or narratives into the public sphere.

Even a partial list of elections where Russian-produced or -supported disinformation has featured includes the FrenchGermanand American elections in and ; the Czech presidential election ; and the vote on Catalonian secession from Spain.

disinformation pdf

Lisa, a thirteen year-old Russian-German girl, alleged that two migrant men kidnapped and raped her; the allegations were later proven to be untrue, but not before Russian state media actively spread the story and the Russian Foreign Minister publicly accused Berlin of a cover up.

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Exclusive: Fearful of fake news blitz, U.S. Census enlists help of tech giants